Why is Santa Cruz Bolivia celebrating its bicentennial in 2010? Bolivia’s history is long and complicated. Some may be wondering why, if Santa Cruz was founded in 1551, it isn’t celebrating it’s 459th birthday. Others are asking why, if the Republic of Bolivia was officially created in 1825, Santa Cruz isn’t waiting to celebrate until the nation’s bicentennial in 2025. And to make matters more confusing, if Bolivia’s first cry for freedom from Spain was heard in 1809 in Sucre, it could be said the bicentennial took place last year.